Research & Studies

Sanctioning the future: New chapters of war and peace in the 21st century

This brand new article was written by Ferenc Miszlivetz, iASK director general, and was released in Tér-Gazdaság-Ember in 2022.


The question of war and peace has risen to the top of the list of wicked, seemingly insoluble problems in the first quarter of the 21st century, because of the threat of nuclear destruction and
the unintended negative consequences of a protracted hybrid war. Complex thinking, capable of dealing with paradoxes, must be part of the repository of governance capabilities for decisionmaking if we are to avoid unresolved conflicts that bury the achievements of human civilisation. The future is sanctioned by our decisions, wittingly or unwittingly, on a daily basis. In order to understand the chain of wars that have many components and many sources of conflict, it is worth distinguishing between the immediate causes and motivations that trigger war and the
emergence of deeper, longstanding conflicts and the economic and political interests linked to armaments and the use of weapons. The notion of the military-industrial complex has come to the fore again.

Keywords: human security, hybrid war, military industrial complex, new knowledge and governance, transformation of the world system

The article is available HERE, with full text in Hungarian.